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Oceanids

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The Oceanids are the three thousand daughters of the Greek Titans Oceanus and Tethys
600px-Zeuxo Chrysippos BM E65

Zeuxo, an Oceanid, pours wine for Chryssipus.

Description

Each was the patroness of a particular spring, lake, river, sea, pond, pasture, flower, or cloud. Some of them were closely associated with the Titans such as Calypso, Clymene, Asia, and Electra or personified abstract concepts, like Tyche or Peitho.

Oceanus1111

Oceanus, their father.

One of these many daughters was also said to have been the consort of the sea god Poseidon, typically named as Amphitrite.

Oceanus and Tethys also had three thousand sons, the river-gods called Potamoi. Whereas most sources limit the term Oceanids or Oceanides to the daughters, others include both the sons and daughters under this term.

Notable Oceanids include Asia and Philyra.

Daughters

The following are a few of the three thousand daughters of Oceanus and Tethys.

#Acaste
  1. Admete
  2. Aethra
  3. Amaltheia
  4. Amphiro
  5. Amphitrite: usually counted as a Nererid rather than an Oceanid
  6. Anchiroe
  7. Anthracia: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  8. Argia
  9. Asia: nymph of the Asian region, sister to Europe
  10. Asterodia
  11. Beroe
  12. Bolbe
  13. Cleodora
  14. Callirrhoe
  15. Camarina
  16. Capheira
  17. Cerceis
  18. Keto
  19. Chryseis
  20. Clio: not to be confused with the Muse Clio.
  21. Clymene: wife of Iapetus
  22. Clytie or Clytia
  23. Crocale: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  24. Daira
  25. Dione
  26. Dodone
  27. Doris: wife of the sea god Nereus, mother of the fifty Nereides
  28. Eidyia or Idyia: wife of Aeetes, mother of Medea
  29. Thaumas, mother of Iris, Arke and the Harpies
  30. Ephyra
  31. Euagoreis
  32. Eudore
  33. Europa
  34. Eurynome
  35. Galaxaure
  36. Glauke: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  37. Hagno: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  38. Hesione: wife of Prometheus
  39. Hippo
  40. Hyale: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  41. Iakhe
  42. Ianira
  43. Ianthe: nymph of violet rain clouds or violet flowers
  44. Ithome: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  45. lethe: nymph who resided by the river Lethe in the underworld
  46. Leucippe
  47. Lysithea
  48. Melia
  49. Meliboea
  50. Melite
  51. Melobosis
  52. Menestho
  53. Merope
  54. Metis: goddess of wisdom, first spouse of Zeus
  55. Myrtoessa: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  56. Nede: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  57. Nemesis (according to some myths)
  58. Nephele: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  59. Ocyrrhoe
  60. Oinoe: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  61. Ozomene: in one source, this name substitutes for Electra
  62. Pasithoe
  63. Peitho
  64. Periboea
  65. Perse or Perseis
  66. Petraea
  67. Phaino
  68. Phiale: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  69. Philyra: mother of Chiron by Kronos
  70. Phrixa: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  71. Pleione: mother of the Pleiades by Atlas
  72. Plexaure
  73. Plouto or Pluto: mother of Tantalus by Zeus
  74. Polydora
  75. Polyphe: in a rare version, mother of Athena by Poseidon
  76. Pronoia
  77. Prymno
  78. Psekas: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  79. Rhanis: one of the sixty younger Oceanids, attendants of Artemis
  80. Rhode or Rhodia
  81. Rhodope
  82. Stilbo
  83. Styx: Oceanid of the River Styx that flowed nine times around Hades; an exceptionally female river goddess
  84. Telesto
  85. Theisoa: one of the nymphs that nursed infant Zeus
  86. Thoe
  87. Tyche
  88. Urania: not to be confused with the Muse Urania
  89. Xanthe
  90. Zeuxo


Trivia

  • They are called Oceanids, as their father is Oceanus.
  • They are the 3,000 nymphs presiding over sources of fresh water, both heavenly (rain, moist breezes) and earthly (rivers, seas, springs).
  • Some of them were also Anthusai, Aurai, Leimonides, Nephelai, and Elder Naiads.
  • Their brothers, the 3,000 Potamoi were, like their sisters, also known as Oceanids, raising their number to 6,000. The Potamoi spawned a host of younger Naiads, the mothers of these young water spirits was sometimes said to be the Elder Naiads and thus the sisters of the Potamoi.
  • The eldest among them were numbered among the Titans: Styx, Dione, Neda, Metis, Klymene, Eurynome, Doris, Elektra, and Pleione.
  • Some of the Oceanids personified divine blessings, such as Metis (Wisdom), Klymene (Fame), Plouto (Wealth), Tyche (Good Fortune), Telesto (Success), and Peitho (Persuasion). The goddess Nemesis (Distributor) is also sometimes included in this group, as one who provided balance to her sister's gifts by punishing undeserved good fortune. These Good Spirits (Daimones Agathoi) were ephemeral in nature much like the dark children of Nyx, the Spirits of Harm (Daimones Kakoi).

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