|Goddess of Agriculture|
|Goddess of the Harvest|
|Goddess of the Seasons|
|Family||Saturn (father) |
Pluto (brother, son-in-law)
Neptune and Jupiter (brothers)
Juno and Vesta (sisters)
Proserpina (immortal daughter) Arion (son)
|Greek/Roman form||Demeter (Greek)|
|Appearances|| The Son of Neptune (mentioned) |
The Mark of Athena (mentioned)
Ceres is Demeter's Roman counterpart. As Ceres, she becomes more disciplined, militaristic, and warlike. While Greeks envisioned Demeter as the one who gave mankind the gift of Agriculture, Romans believed that the laws and rites of Ceres protected all the activities of the agricultural cycle. She may have children or descendants at Camp Jupiter near San Francisco. She is one of the major Olympian gods.
Ceres was the daughter of Saturn and Ops. Sicily, Attica, Crete, and Egypt, claim the honor of her birth, each country producing the ground of its claims, though general suffrage favors the first. In her youth, being extremely beautiful, Jupiter fell in love with her, and by him she had Proserpina. For some time she took up her residence in Corcyra, so called in later times, from a daughter of Asōpus, there buried, but anciently Drepănum, from the sickle used by the goddess in reaping, which had been presented to her by Vulcan. Thence she moved to Sicily, where the violence of Pluto deprived her of Proserpina. Disconsolate at her loss, she importuned Jupiter for the return. Of her daughter; but obtaining little satisfaction, she lit torches at the volcano of Mount Etna, and mounting her car, drawn by winged dragons, set out in search of her beloved daughter. This transaction the Sicilians annually commemorated by running about in the night with lighted torches and loud exclamations.
It must be owned that Ceres was not underserving the highest titles bestowed upon her, being considered as the deity who had blessed men with the art of cultivating the earth, having not only taught them to plough and sow, but also to reap, harvest, and thresh out their grain; to make flour and bread, and fix limits or boundaries to ascertain their possessions. The garlands used in her sacrifices were of myrtle, or rape-weed; but flowers were prohibited; Proserpine being carried off as she gathered them. The poppy alone was sacred to her, not only because it grows amongst corn, but because, in her distress, Jupiter gave it her to eat, that she might sleep and forget her troubles. Cicero mentions an ancient temple dedicated to her at Catania, in Sicily in which the offices were performed by matrons and virgins only, no man being admitted.
Ceres was usually represented of a tall majestic stature, fair complexion, languishing eyes, and yellow or flaxen hair; her head crowned with a garland of poppies, or ears of corn; holding in her right hand a bunch of the same materials with her garland, and in her left a lighted torch. When in a car or chariot, she is drawn by lions, or winged dragons.
Ceres is supposed to meet Bacchus in a wheat field in Topeka, Kansas to discuss how Gaea has been affecting the agriculture. However, she never showed up as she sensed it was a trap, something Bacchus quickly caught on to.
- The word cereal derives from her name Ceres.
- The Cerealia festival was celebrated on the 12th April in honor of Ceres and connected with the growth of corn.
- Ceres is depicted on the Seal of New Jersey as a symbol of prosperity.
- An asteroid is named after Ceres.
- Ceres was also a character in Shakespeare's play The Tempest, along with Juno and Iris.
- It is mentioned by Bacchus that she isn't ever tardy for anything.